Lee, Frances E. 2023. Populism, democracy, and the post‐2020 Republican Party in Congress," Presidential Studies Quarterly.

Curry, James M. and Frances E. Lee. 2022. "One Obstacle Among Many: The Filibuster and Majority Party Agendas," The Forum. 19(4):685-708.

Lee, Frances E. 2020. “Populism and the American Party System: Opportunities and Constraints,” Perspectives on Politics 18(2):370-388.

Curry, James M. and Frances E. Lee. 2020. "What is Regular Order Worth? Partisan Lawmaking and Congressional Processes," Journal of Politics 82(2): 627-641.

Lee, Frances E. and Eric Schickler. 2019. Report of the Task Force Project on Congressional Reform, American Political Science Association, October 28, 2019.

Curry, James M. and Frances E. Lee. 2019. “Non-Party Government: Bipartisan Lawmaking and Party Power in Congress,” Perspectives on Politics 17(1): 47-65.

Lee, Frances E. 2018. Review of The Imprint of Congress by David R. Mayhew. Political Science Quarterly 122 (2): 355-6.

Lee, Frances E. 2018. “The 115th Congress and Questions of Party Unity in a Polarized Era.” The Journal of Politics 80(4): 1464-73.

Lee, Frances E. 2016. “Patronage, Logrolls, and Polarization: Congressional Parties of the Gilded Age, 1876-1896.” Studies in American Political Development 30: 116-127.

Hinchliffe, Kelsey L. and Frances E. Lee. 2016. “Party Competition and Conflict in State Legislatures.” State Politics and Policy Quarterly, 16: 172-197.  

Lee, Frances E. 2015. “How Party Polarization Affects Governance,” Annual Review of Political Science 18 (June): 261-282.

Gimpel, James G., Frances E. Lee and Michael Parrott. 2014. “Business Interests and the Party Coalitions: Industry Sector Contributions to U.S. Congressional Campaigns,” American Politics Research 42(6): 1034-1076.

Lee, Frances E. 2013. “Presidents and Party Teams: The Politics of Debt Limits and Executive Oversight, 2001-2013,” Presidential Studies Quarterly 43(4): 775-791.

Gimpel, James G., Frances E. Lee and Rebecca U. Thorpe. 2012. “Geographic Distribution of the Federal Stimulus of 2009,” Political Science Quarterly 127(4): 567-595.

Lee, Frances E. 2012. “The Individual and the Team in the United States Senate.” Extensions: A Journal of the Carl Albert Congressional Research and Studies Center (Winter): 16-20.

Bramlett, Brittany, James G. Gimpel, and Frances E. Lee. 2011. “The Political Ecology of Opinion in Big-Donor Neighborhoods,” Political Behavior 33 (December): 565-600.

Lee, Frances E. 2011. “Making Laws and Making Points: Senate Governance in an Era of Uncertain Majorities.” The Forum 9(4): Article 3.

Gimpel, James G., Frances E. Lee and Rebecca U. Thorpe. 2011. “The Wellsprings of Candidate Emergence: Geographic Origins of Statewide Candidacies in the United States.” Political Geography 30 (January): 25-37.

Lee, Frances E. 2010. “Senate Deliberation and the Future of Congressional Power.” P.S.: Political Science and Politics 73 (April): 227-229.

Lee, Frances E. 2008. “Dividers, Not Uniters: Presidential Leadership and Senate Partisanship, 1981-2004Journal of Politics 70 (October): 914-928.

James G. Gimpel, Frances E. Lee, and Shanna Pearson-Merkowitz. 2008. “The Check is in the Mail: Interdistrict Funding Flows in U.S. House Elections,” American Journal of Political Science 52 (April): 373-394.

Lee, Frances E. 2008. “Agreeing to Disagree: Agenda Content and Senate Partisanship, 1981-2004.” Legislative Studies Quarterly 33 (May): 199-222.

Lee, Frances E. 2007. “Geographic Representation and the U.S. Congress.” Maryland Law Review 67(1): 51-61.

Gimpel, James G., Frances E. Lee, and Joshua Kaminski. 2006. “The Political Geography of Campaign Contributions.” Journal of Politics 68 (August): 626-639.

Lee, Frances E. 2004. “Bicameral Institutions and Geographic Politics:  Allocating Federal Funds for Transportation in the House and Senate,” Legislative Studies Quarterly 29 (May): 185-214.

Lee, Frances E. 2003. “Geographic Politics in the U.S. House of Representatives:  Coalition Building and Distribution of Benefits,” American Journal of Political Science 47 (October): 713-727.

Lee, Frances E. 2000.“Senate Representation and Coalition Building in Distributive Politics,” American Political Science Review, 94 (March) 59-72.

Lee, Frances E. 1998. “Representation and Public Policy:  The Consequences of Senate Apportionment for the Geographic Distribution of Federal Funds,” Journal of Politics 60 (February): 34-62.

Lee, Frances E. and Bruce I. Oppenheimer. 1997. “Senate Apportionment:  Competitiveness and Partisan Advantage,” Legislative Studies Quarterly 22 (February): 3-24.

Lee, Emery G. III, Frances Sandstrum [later Lee], and Thomas C. Weisert. 1996. “Context and the Court:  Sources of Civil Liberties on the Rehnquist Court,” American Politics Quarterly 24 (July): 377-395.

Book Chapters

Lee, Frances E. 2023. “Coalition Leadership in the Polarized Congress,” in Accountability Reconsidered: Voters, Interests, and Information in US Policymaking (New York: Cambridge University Press).

Lee, Frances E. 2021. “Crosscutting Cleavages, Political Institutions, ad Democratic Resilience in the United States,” in Democratic Resilience: Can the United States Withstand Rising Polarization?, eds. Robert C. Lieberman, Suzanne Mettler, and Kenneth M. Roberts (New York: Cambridge University Press), 95-117.

Curry, James M. and Frances E. Lee. 2021. “Enduring Continuities in Congressional Lawmaking,” in Congress Reconsidered, 12th edition, Lawrence C. Dodd and Bruce I. Oppenheimer, eds. (Thousand Oaks: SAGE publications), 291-322.

Curry, James M. and Frances E. Lee. 2020. “Capacity in a Centralized Congress” in Congress Overwhelmed: The Decline in Congressional Capacity and Prospects for Reform, eds. Timothy M. LaPira, Lee Drutman, and Kevin R. Kosar (Chicago: University of Chicago Press), 225-238.

Curry, James M. and Frances E. Lee. 2019. “Congress at Work: Legislative Capacity and Entrepreneurship in the Contemporary Congress,” in Can America Govern Itself? eds. Nolan McCarty and Frances E. Lee (New York: Cambridge University Press, 181-219).

Lee, Frances E. 2016. “Legislative Parties in an Era of Alternating Majorities.” Governing in a Polarized Age: Elections, Parties, and Political Representation in America, ed., Alan Gerber and Eric Schickler (New York: Cambridge University Press), 115-142.

Binder, Sarah. A. and Frances E. Lee. 2016. “Making Deals in Congress,” Political Negotiation: A Handbook, eds., Jane Mansbridge and Cathie Jo Martin (Washington DC: Brookings Institution Press), 91-120.

Binder, Sarah A. and Frances E. Lee. 2015. “Making Deals in Congress,” Solutions to Political Polarization in America, ed., Nathaniel Persily (New York: Cambridge University Press), 240-261.

Lee, Frances E. 2015. “American Politics is More Competitive Than Ever, and That is Making Partisanship Worse,” Political Polarization in American Politics, eds. Daniel J. Hopkins and John Sides (New York: Bloomsbury), 76-79.

Lee, Frances E. 2014. “Parties as Coordinators: Can Parties Unite What the Constitution Divides?” Guide to U.S. Political Parties, ed. Marjorie R. Hershey (Washington, DC: CQ Press / Sage), 40-54.

Lee, Frances E. 2014. “The Challenge of Bipartisanship: A Historical Perspective,” Working Congress: A Guide for Representatives, Senators, and Citizens, ed., Robert Mann (Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press), 40-54.

Binder, Sarah A. and Frances E. Lee. 2013. “Making Deals in Congress,” Negotiating Agreement in Politics, Task Force Report, eds. Jane Mansbridge and Cathie Jo Martin (Washington, DC: American Political Science Association), 54-72.

Lee, Frances E. 2012. “Individual and Partisan Activism on the Senate Floor,” The U.S. Senate: From Deliberation to Dysfunction, ed. Burdett A. Loomis (Washington, DC: CQ Press), 110-131.

Lee, Frances E. 2011. “Bicameral Representation” The Oxford Handbook of the American Congress (New York: Oxford University Press), 272-292.

Lee, Frances E. 2009. “Senate Representation and Coalition Building in Distributive Politics,” American Political Science Review, March 2000. Anthologized in The American Congress Reader, eds., Steven S. Smith, Jason M. Roberts, Ryan J. Vander Wielen (New York: Cambridge University Press), 141-151.

Gimpel, James G. and Frances E. Lee. 2006. “The Geography of Electioneering: Campaigning for Votes and Campaigning for Money” in The Marketplace of Democracy, eds. Michael P. McDonald and John Samples (Washington, DC: The Brookings Institution and Cato Institute), 125-148.

Lee, Frances E. 2005. “Interests, Constituencies and Policymaking.” In Institutions of American Democracy: The Legislative Branch, eds. Paul J. Quirk and Sarah A. Binder (New York: Oxford University Press), 281-313.

Lee, Frances E. 2002. “Representational Power and Distributive Politics:  Senate Influence on Federal Transportation Spending.”  In U.S. Senate Exceptionalism, ed. Bruce I. Oppenheimer (Ohio State University Press), 283-301.


Frances E. Lee
School of Public and International Affairs / Department of Politics
208 Fisher Hall
Princeton, NJ 08544
[email protected]